Common 4th of July Hazards:
- Alcohol- in any form is toxic to pets. Signs of intoxication: drooling, bloat, vomiting, increased heart rate, decreased blood pressure, collapse, hypothermia, coma, seizures, respiratory failure, or death.
- Table scraps- a sudden change in diet can lead to GI upset (vomiting/diarrhea)
- Insect repellent and sunblock- no human repellents or sunblock should be applied to pets unless stated on the bottle that it is safe for pets. These can cause vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy. DEET is a common insecticide used that causes neurological issues when used on pets.
- Matches and lighter fluid- these should not be used around pets. If matches are ingested they can cause difficulty breathing, damage to the red blood cells, and kidney disease. Lighter fluid can cause skin irritation, GI problems, and respiratory problems.
- Citronella candles- inhalation of fumes can cause severe respiratory illness (pneumonia), ingestion is harmful to the central nervous system.
- At home fireworks- to curious pets at home fireworks can be very dangerous. Pets can get severe burns and/or trauma. Some fireworks contain heavy metals such as potassium nitrate, arsenic, etc.
Ways to Cope with a Fearful Pet
- All pets should be kept indoors to avoid hazards. (When fearful, can potentially leap fences, break through leashes, etc.)
- Keep pet in a small, cozy, quiet room away from windows if possible
- Lower all blinds in room where animal is kept
- If your pet is crate trained, put the crate in a quiet room away from windows and cover with towel/blanket.
- Turn on tv/music Calmly talk and pet animal
Other Ways to Calm Your Pet
- DAP plug-in (Dog Appeasing Phermone)
- Distraction- Give favorite chew toy (Example: Kong filled with peanut butter)
- Acclimation- you can acclimate your pet by playing recorded fireworks (usually needs to be done a few weeks to months prior to exposure)
- Conventional medication (anti anxiety)- Alprazolam, clonazepam, diazepam, etc.
- Tire your pet out during the day with a long walk
DON'T FORGET: Make sure you pet is microchipped and wearing a collar with ID tags!